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Maha^ka^t=ya^yana Maha^kacca^yana, Maha^kacca^na ĦڭȶĦڭȵҮҹĦڭձӡƴʮ֮һӡȰAvanti ռҹ֮Ե˵ݷмʮӳƷʦ˪Aʳ֮ڶӣNa^laka ĦɣҮǸ֮Ƶɽ˰˽ѧϰ̡֮˽ɼʱ֮ׯԤԽܳɷΪʦ˳ҹ䱾ճƴви֤ð޺ȺʦдԴ½̻սڷӵơһ۹Ǿһν֮֮ĥʩ  Ϊʦ

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͸̨ݽ

ӡȰĪAʳһԣļͥŵŵʱձ

dzŵļͥĸǵʱݵĹʦӵйɰٵȨвƸǹһָĴ˼

ߵֱŹʦĵڶֻΪҾմ

ӵĸҲһλʴӢˬ׳źͶԵηطߵöʦöȻͨܶѧѧ˺ܶһصټ˵Ϊߵ۵

ûгŵ֪Ҳ̨ͨ͸̨ͬʱ˵۵ѧްıҪ˵Ѹڶͬ˵ܵԶʤ

Ժʤĸ˴㿪ʼʵܵ˶һ־ֵǰŭĸʦĸ˵

̹ܽܽ޷ĵܵʵ̫ҵһѧѵһƫƫݽʱҶ̨

ŲæĽ͵

븸ԭѧǹ˭Ȩо˵絽ڼоûҪʤֻ֪⼸ڼеϤоDzһɼĽʤڼĵѧ鷳׹ܽԼܽԼϣҲ

ʦĸӸִһǵĻ֪˭Ŷǵĸѵܵ͵ϷҮǸƵɽ˽˴ѧϰڼʹ粻ܳͷ 

ƽ

MahktyaynaǷʱӡȰᣨavantiܾ˸˽˵ӰͨʥռӡȹڹַΪഫʱӡȹһűʶگʾȫʶӽҰӦ׵˱ȻDZĵȴѽվ˸ָ־̷Ϊϸؽ˱ĵԭǶϷ֤ĵ˷ӵĽԷӵѧʶ˼ʮһű˷̵

ӳҺ˾޵Ͷڷ̵ĺ뷨ҵ˼άް˵͸ڷеõ۵һijƺóܶ۱֮Ҳвɿʾ²޾һһλƶϸŮҾƶߵӱ߷ʹѰ̼Ӽ״æǰοӵ֪ǸŮƶɷƶ֮ƶķвʩϸ˶вʩ칬½СӽĸƶӺ뷨ĵطѡڵʱδռӡɼǷ𷨴Ŀ·ȷ

˸Ľʾ

˵˽ӵ׵ľ˸ĸ׵ijӡ˽ǵʱѧͨӳΪ̫ܾΪ̫ռľռ򾻷˵λ̫dzһѧɾͷӵʥϧµȲɾͷӾͽȻĽһҵĺ󱲸ѧϰʱ˽˵˫Ŀס

Դӱ͵Ƶɽ˽Ĵ޲һԼ֪ȫ̸Ҳ˸ϣͶͨȫͨ

ӴӴ˲˼һ뿿Ÿ׵ΪԼǹʦĶűڶ뵽ʤĸ֪ ڸ޷͸繲־ԸҪĸȥҲл

˽֪ӲͥǻϲһͶ˵

ڵ־Ը㽫һԳΪΰҪʦź֪һ㶫ʵڻѧ һλߵķѾȵɵԺҪϿȥѧϰ

˽˵Ļ˰ŰԼܳΪĻֻûаɻ

һΰ˽˴ƮȻɽ˲ι¹ҰԷһ䷿סӷɵһ˽ÿߵķտ֤˽˸

ҵԤ֪ӲþҪɵɵһȵ¹ҰԷתֻ֪˶ڷӾʲôûиҪǺ֤ҪϿȥ󷨺޵

˽˵󲻾ûʦӴ˱ѣҫѧʺͲǹʦ˾ǰ˽ûôȺڶ΢ϧӾôǰ˽˵Ҫ 

ص

ΪԼѾõӦý˵Ĺαػϣʲôӳ˸Ͳߵķ

˺þγǸĿҰܶųǵżһʯʶּдһû˻ϴ˵DZʶһҲҪ߲֪

һԴ

ڻùŴıеʯҪϿȻڹЦDzι֮ʶͰǵĹְһĽ

گȻϸǴͲⱮϵҶûа취ֻýϣҰͨʾȫ˭ʶʯϵŮͽƱ

ҳϢӵĶ뵽˸˽̹ϸϵҲʶӺŵȥҰӦ

ʯϵӵȷʶ˵ϵûͨDzʶ˵Źǰʯϵķг

˼

֮˭

ʥ֮ʥ˭

νߣ

νˣ

뿪ࣿ

֤

˭dz

˭ңڽѹУ

ΪڽҿصĻܿĴȫȻҶȴû˶ָʲô˼Ҳش𲻳

ʯϵÿһ䶼ЩԵʱеѧ˵ȻҲǽȻǸǿԶԵҲ䲩ѧϵĶʶܽĵȻź˹߼µ

ӲϷŵ֮һҪشĵ 

̷ȥ

ŵȥ˼ָ˼ͿһҪһλ߲ܽ

ӵûа취ʱֻȥ̱ҶȻһһȥʦӾǵĻشǷdz֮Լ֪һĵ

ڵں˷˷ǰȥϵʸȨŶ֪ͻ꼣׵֪أ˸ǰĶӳɵһҪȥѧϰôܳɾ͹ԲķأͨDzС¹ҰԷķȥ

ӹŵ˵ܹĵĵȷȷֻзһʯϵʵǰʾӶŬ޵ĿľҪҿЩյӵ֤Ĵ

ݼӵþ˸Ļȷʵû֪󺣵ʱǷӵׯʹޱȵĹ֮

˫ֺһϣΪ

ûпײĺҲʻش

֮ǵ

ʥ֮ʥǴ

Ⱦν֮

յν֮

޵̰_ռ빸

ɽ䶨ۼ֤

ҷִ

֤Եңڽѹ

˷ӵĻشÿһ䶼ķθеһ㰵Ӱʵ֮ϲ˷Ȼþ˵һԷӸмĻŷӵֻӲסضѹӻἤ˷ӵĻӴ

ӺܻϲƸ˵ЩлŷӵرȻӴҪʥ߷ӵĵ 

Ȱ

ʴڱӳߵܺΰ˸жΪп֤ĵӷdzϲԼӴ˵þ˾˸˽˵Ը

һλƽο ڸӳ֤˰޺ͨܶľкܶԸҪȰ;޵һһлܷӵ

ڽвķ޵ڽĴ뻯ܺǵӵĺ봫ƶռȺе

ӵľبŽٶµԽԽΪԼʹʵΪӶԷ𷨵ȳʹĴٻķҷԶԶƮ˭һᵽӵҪĴָ

һӵԼȚҲŷסڭľĴׯ۴С㼣һİ˳dz߲뵽Ҫȥر˵IJ

ӵ˰˳dzߵļ˯ڴϵİ˳dz˵

˵ĹеǷҷӵĴοҽҽ𣿡

ллӺҵIJܶҽ˵ҺDz֢֮˳dzߺ˸е˵

Գɮľ徻ͻõ

ϣӵ˼׳ԼӦöҪ

Dz޳ҪסвҪ󽡿ɾʹССҪԼ跨Ҫ̫鷳ɮ޷ĴȹԻձ

˳dzӵĻÿһһijIJ֢֮ͽȬ

Ƿ𷨵ĹޱҲӹIJ÷𷨵Ĵȱ¶IJ 

˵ƽȷ

ʱڷӵѧʱһڸν̻͸¥ǵĽ̻вͬ¥˵̻ʱǼϳǧȴϲĽ̻

һһĽе˵ܸ˵ķʽ˭ֻҪ˵仰һʹԷкõӡ˵

һηסڵo԰ӴһԴɭȥΪĦ͵޹˵

Ħ͵޹ĹȰѵصϰߴԺ͵

Ħ͵޹һӾʵ

˵㱾ŵ߹ɲĵⲻ̫ί𣿡

ǵίʥӵĵҷеܹ

徻ɲյķӵĵDz

ؾɵĹҼִӵ˵Dzмһ

һҲûº͵Ľ͵

ҹȥҺҲһĿ˷ӵĽʾ֪ǴʶϷɲ޵ȵȵIJͬ׼ְҵ˵ڽҵũķ๤Ȿ޿ɺҪԴγɽ׼˵ֵǷǷһյҲжյɱааЩҵ˺ֵܶ˵˵Ĺֵʤܹ޵ѧ֤ʲô嶼һ׵

˵Ħ͵ھе˵ҴҵĹ֮жصһЩŷҲDzҪѹԹƽ

ӿĦ͵޹֪ڸĵһ˵

ҪŷķѰɽҸ

Ħ͵޹ƽȵķӽҲ˵

ųЩѵǿϳƽȵĹûн׼ķֱϵĴӦһƽӴȫҶммȱƽȵķ 

ʸ

շӵĽʾƽȵ֪ܶ˶лǾѵŴӴ˾ͲҪ̧ͷ

ɱʲôȨֻҪ̵ܼԴü仰ܻѵ˵óϷ

һڲιԺͬѧի͵ʱһ͵֪ԺսŹĬĬվӵӿʱһҪҲһȵòͷʱʹʵ

ʲôǶϵijΪʲô

һܶ˶վλȴŲæĶ˵

ʲôˣ½УڷŹĽ̷ﲢûǵijߺǰѽ

źܲеĹָָϵĺŭ˵

ôɲԳߣӦöҹ

㣿DzԳƳߵҲӦǵĹĵ˵

ΪʲôĿˣñеĹָӵ

ȻȻ˵

Ҵ㽲ԼľٶҲ˵㲻ֵ˹Ϊ˰˾ʮ׳û޵ɫζȲ뿪̰_ʵķӦóǸʮҵƤͷںѾ˰ṵ̂ûһ㲻ƽĹǿԳʿӦȫĹ

ӵĻ޻˵ĬĬ߿ 

е

˵һǴӴ˾లӵԽŵĽͽԽǺȥ

һڱ˵ӶϵŷǵƿзdzصشӺԶıʬʵסIJιһͺʵ

˵ŵ ڸɳDzʵ

˵ò㿴

ѱе㲻ʧ

аִϹ֮ʧնĻش

㲻һĬĬŵĦūооѾԭ˵㻹Žͽ˵ҪǺһΪֱ֮

ָȥͬߵԽǷӴȱĽʾ

ǻ˵ϵҲûа취

ŻDzϷ뵽Ŀʵ

˵ɳűѲٹ޵ӭҲʵDZҲӦ

гŵĻش

ʵʵ֪Ժȷûй̷޵ǺܺϺΪѾ֤ʥ㲻ͷDzҵ

ƱӵĻش޷˵ֻа߽Ҳ˷ӵĵ

һܶ൱ʱ¶а˷𷨵

ôɾɰ 

粻ɮһλʹܶҪѵмη

һڽвʳʱһλӭ޵߼кԺʵ

ѵõԵһϣԿ͹۵̬Ƴҵɻ

벻ؿʲôɻ󣿡

ҿɲȥʲôԭأ

̰ڹƻӻش

źɲɲΪ̰DZͱΪʲôԭأ

Ҽͷִ

ŵ޵۾ͷ˼ߵĻ

ű۾ͷֵԵעڽֵʵѾעĿολŵ޵Źֵ

һλŻɫĵıׯصվһλDZͷϴűʾеĹڱĿͷΧעĿۿȺ龰̨ʵϷһ

ŵ޵һʵ

Ļشܹ֪ʲô˲뿪̰Ҽͷִأ

ӺԥĻش

ʱ˵ҵʦӦ֪ṵ̂ķûҷִĵʦʦ

ŵ޵ܸмӵ˵Ҫ߽ڼѧľʿ

˵ŵ޵Χ۵Ⱥһ󻶺кܶ˹ڵ߶ߵʤ

ûһ㽾ԵõıǫҴٺDZŶҪʿ޵߸Ȼвʳ 

ѵ

ųҵ۵ĹܶΪŽкܳߵĵλһʵȨڽ

ŵĽͽӹѵĹȻܶάӦɵҲ

һʱл⨺Ҵʱһλ³ڵѾȻdz

һλ³ŵٵǵɽϿߵһʯǰڿǾͺֵȡЦ˵ѽѽ㿴ǹͷɳѽѽѽǹͷɳʲô˲ѽ³ڵĵһһڿЦһֹ˵ιDzҪôʦ𾴵ȻֹƤȻЦеʯ

ֻվߵѵЩŵ

ǰŻֹڵȢûзֱ㿴ǵΪѧҰһʦĽ𣿡

ϵʨӵĺŵòһؿŲ_޵ȥϾ͸ǵʦ³˵εĴŲ

³Ժdz޵˵ҶôһҪ

³ɱڵıӵʯһηҪѿǼׯϵԺӰѸղ˵Ļ˵һ³ھõͷ

ӳû˵

ҵĺ³˵ǵ޵ΪĽǧ򲻿ɰ޵γְҵе޵Ϊ˼ھӪ뿪ͥмΪ޵ģܶ඼ΪԼαװŵúϵҲΪ˵þڽ̵˽Ǻܴı

յ츣ϽȥмʶԼҵʦڽ;ǻߵľҵĺһִҪΪʦ黳ȵͬѧϰ

³˵

˵òһĽʾ

ñӭĴǵܴұĴǷ۶³ֻýִŵװһͶ 

޳֮

ӵıްûܺɮԼû˲֪

ӻϲа취ֻҪпȡǼôһλƽʥӿڶǻϲ쳣һڰ̻ʱӾӴΪ˵޳ĵ

ӶȻ˵

λ֪ʶһо߶ʱгɾлΪɽӴɭһж벻޳ķ

İٻһǻҶƮʱഺòĺǼƤ׷̬

ûд޳нѳǶݵʵǹ¶ͱǻϵij¶ֻܰճʱǷµ̫Ȼʧںڰҹ

ľʱҲТ˳ʱȻΧԿǿܻ޳ٿ޻

ƱҲǿס˻ٵþλȨҲDzʵڵв̵壿

޳ͻᱻɫͷ׵ƭȻɽˮ׳ƺһȥ޵ȤʵǺ˵Ϊ޳

ϸΪ޳αƭαƭΨ͸ҵӰҲҲǶಽĸ

λ֪ʶ޵Ҫ޳֮ħսľڷӴȱָҪӽ޵ʶԼ޳֤DzҪҲҪ

ⷬʹеĽ̽жı

ΪӴ˵Ψӵıʸ 

Ϊ˵֮

ڰصŷ˵;һλֳˮƿںӱߴһȻͬʧ벻Ͷˮɱ

ǰʵ

ʲôʹΪʲôأ

Ҫʲôã˿޵

Ƿӵĵҿ԰ѵ

ûа취㿴ôƽƶһһܿұƶĿĥʵڲ

˵ҪˮӸϿǰһסdzȱͬĿ

㲻Ҫϵ˺ܶһͬʱ˲һǿ˲һǿ㿴Щӵū澺լĸȻΪ̰_ķΪֻҪƽͺƶֵô𣿡

˲ͷ˵

һλҵɳܿÿDzҪ֪󸻺ūյūʳûǺĵ̰û˿в뵽Щʹ඼ҵƶôΪ౯أ

Ȼ㲻ҪҸһƶͷƵķ

ʲô˰Ύһ

ܼȻΪƶܿ԰ƶ

ƶˣ˾㲻Ҫ˵ƶϾûʲô˿ƶأ

ҿӻش

ƶҲ˲ƶķ

Ҫʩ߿ʾҪ֪ƶԵƶƶǰûвʩ޸Ըǰϲʩ޸˲ʩ޸򸻵÷

ܿ¸ֿ֮ʵ

˵òȷʵ˷ƵķҼƶһееˮƿǰôòʩأ

ӰԼIJŮ˵

ʩһҪǮԱ˲ʩϲҲִ˲ʢˮΪҵIJʩ

˴˿̲ײʩ̷Թˮ

Ӿ˵ķνһڱеȷ鴫 

Ϊȱ

һ뿪ǰңԶı߹԰һλߵн̻ʱĹݱ˲ҵ¹İݱֱԷˮҲٹÿֻ

˵ȨƹΪҲܽٻݱյĶ󳼽˵ʬÿͶʬ˵ô˵أ˫ôأװôҲһ£

ݱıû˵ʱǼҲ޷ҪȰɹҪȱȰɵĻһҲȥ˵Ҫõİ취÷˻˭õأ

ڽûа취ʱڲ԰뵽ºƱ˵ʹֹ¹

ݱ

ҹһλӵĵλڴдͨԨ֪ʶʯϵʶұް˵ʱϳЦȥ˵

ݱһæʵ

ͨܲܽз˻

ǺΪ˵һλ˵ĴĻش

ܲܽз˻⻰DzһشΨȥ߲֪

ݱ˴ǵĽ̾ű¡صһҪӰķ˾Ȼ

һ֦ݱ˵

֦عڹҪóҪή𣿡

DzܵDzٻݱش

ҵѾҪٻôܹ

Էʴشݱʱٻ޳֮

֪ݱһ˵

ǹȫһ˵ӦðѰ˵һȫԴȱ˽ĹҲ¡ҲŻӵΪ

ݱһܿٱ߶عٹ簮ȫûһ˲м˵Ҫ

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